ひらがなとカタカナ

Posted on Posted in hiragana & katakana

にほんご Nihongo

What is nihongo?  Nihongo means Japanese language in Japanese. It is written 日本語 in Kanji, 日本(nihon) means Japan and 語(go) means language. When beginning Japanese Learning we must learn 3 type of Japanese syllabalies called Hiragana, Katakana and Kanji. Let’s start learning Japanese language!

 

 

Hiragana and Katakana have 46 letters and Kanji for common use has 2136 letters. So we use 46 + 46 + 2136 letters to make Japanese sentences.

Romaji exists to express Japanese syllabaly with english alphabet like あ=a, さ=sa, あさ=asa. Romaji make Japanese easy to read but Romaji itself is not Japanese and we don’t use it in life.

 

example:
Nihongo : 私の名前は田中です。
 Hiragana: わたしのなまえはたなかです。
 Romaji: watashi no namae wa tanaka desu.
 English: My name is Tanaka.

 

ひらがな Hiragana

ひらがな Hiragana (wiki) is Japanese syllabaly (Japanese alphabet) along with Katakan, Kanji which has 46 letters.  Japanese sentences are made by a combination of Hiragana, Katakana and Kanji. For example, The sentence “It rains today.” will be “今日は雨です。(kyou wa ame desu.)”

ひらがな hiragana は 、カタカナや漢字とともにつかわれる日本語の文字で、46文字あります。

 

Hiragana Chart

aiueo
kakikukeko
sashisuseso
tachitsuteto
naninuneno
hahifuheho
mamimumemo
  
yayuyo
rarirurero
  
wawon

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Hiragana no Kakijun

Hiragana writing with the stroke order (Kakijun).

 

 

Japanese textbook
Konnichiwa, Nihongo! こんにちは、にほんご!

 

カタカナ Katakana

Katakana can be used for words which come from overseas which is called Gairaigo (外来語). For example, basketball = バスケットボール, coffee = コーヒー, hotel = ホテル.

  • コーヒー coffee
  • ビール beer
  • ワイン wine
  • シャツ shirts
  • オフィス office
  • コップ cup

 

Some words have Japanese and Gairaigo. For example “bag” is “かばん” in Japanese. Also it can be described  “バッグ” with Katakana. We have two options to say “bag” in Japanese.

カタカナはおもに、外国から来た言葉(外来語) に用いられます。

 

Katakana Chart

aiueo
kakikukeko
sashisuseso
tachitsuteto
naninuneno
hahifuheho
mamimumemo
  
yayuyo
rarirurero
  
wawon

 

Katakana no Kakijun

Katakana writing with the stroke order (Kakijun).

 

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