Japanese Numbers – One to Ten

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Japanese Numbers / How to count

We call numbers かず kazu or すうじ suuji in Japanese.

japanese-numbers-01

 

One to Ten in Japanese

kanjikanaromaji
1いちichi
2ni
3さんsan
4し/よんshi
5go
6ろくroku
7しち/ななshichi
8はちhachi
9きゅうkyu
10じゅうjuu

When we say 1 to 10 in Japanese, it is “いち、に、さん、、ご、ろく、しち、はち、きゅう、じゅう”. When we say 10 to 1, it will be “じゅう、きゅう、はち、なな、ろく、ご、よん、さん、に、いち”.

11~

  • 11 = 10 + 1 = じゅう + いち = じゅういち 十一.
  • 23 = 2 × 10 + 3 = に+じゅう+さん=にじゅうさん 二十三.

Large numbers

There is a point to confusing learners because unit is different from English as follows. So a million is “100万 hyakuman” and a billion is “10億 juuoku” in Japanese.

English

  • 100 = hundred
  • 1,000 = thousand
  • 1,000,000 = million
  • 1,000,000,000 = billion

Japanese

  • 100 = 百 hyaku
  • 1,000 = 千 sen
  • 10,000 = 万 man
  • 100,000,000 = 億 oku
 unitkanjihiragnaromaji
100ひゃくhyaku
1000せんsen
10,000まんman
100,000,000おくoku
  • 3500 = 3000 + 500 =さんぜんごひゃく 三千五百
  • 32400= 30000 + 2000 + 400 = さんまんにせんよんひゃく 三万二千四百

How to count in Japanese

Counting objects are complicated for learners too. Because it changes depends on the type of object. For example, pen is counted like 1本 ,2本 and book is counted like 1冊,2冊. There are hundreds of patterns.

本, 冊, 枚 are used for specified objects and -つ is upper class and can be user for  all objects. So we must learn -つ counting at first.

Japanesehiraganaromaji
1つひとつhitotsu
2つふたつhutatsu
3つみっつmittsu
4つよっつyottsu
5ついつつitsutsu
6つむっつmutssu
7つななつnanatsu
8つやっつyattsu
9つここのつkokonotsu
10とおtoo

お菓子を3つ買いました。okashi wo mitssu kaimashit
I bought 3 snacks.

Ex:の本 nisatsu no hon / two books
penbookninjabox
本 / ほん
hon
冊 / さつ
satsu
人 / にん
nin
箱 / はこ
hako
cardanimalpcringo
枚 / まい
mai
匹 / ひき
hiki
台 / だい
dai
個 / こ
ko
kutsukaidansaranankai
足 / そく
soku
段 / だん
dan
皿 / さら
sara
階 / かい
kai
nenreitori
歳 / さい
sai
羽 わ
wa
  • 三本の鉛筆 sanbon no enpitsu / three pencils
  • 二冊の本 nisatsu no hon / two books
  • 四人 yonin / four people
  • 三匹の犬 sanbiki no inu / three dogs
  • 四個のリンゴ yonko no ringo / four apples
  • 二十五歳 nizyugosai / 25 years old

“ひとつ、ふたつ、みっつ、よっつ、いつつ、むっつ、ななつ、やっつ、ここのつ、とぉ” is the upper class and can be used in general. And honn, ko, satsu… etc is used for the specified objects. – こ for object, – ほん for narrow long one.

Here is very good song that I learn when I was a kid.

(1)いっぽんでも ニンジン
(2)にそくでも サンダル
(3)さんそうでも ヨット
(4)よつぶでも ゴマシオ
(5)ごだいでも ロケット
(6)ろくわでも シチメンチョウ
(7)しちひきでも ハチ
(8)はっとうでも クジラ
(9)きゅうはいでも ジュース
(10)じゅっこでも イチゴ

Example

ペンをなんぼんかいますか?pen wo nanbon kaimasuka?
How many pens do you buy?

さんぼんです。sanbon desu.
three.

Quiz:
りんごは3こ、ほんは3さつ。それではカラスは?

 

MATH さんすう

Math is さんすう(算数) in Japanese and we must know the four symbols to …math!


tasu

hiku
×
kakeru
÷
waru
dentaku3
電卓 dentaku / calculator (GIF here!)

 

かぞえる to count
さんすう math
3 + 5 = 8
san tasu go wa hachi
7 – 3 = 4
nana hiku san wa yon
2 × 3 = 6
ni kakeru san wa roku
8 ÷ 4 = 2
hachi waru yon wa ni

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