Kore, Sore, Are – this and that

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こそあど (kosoado)

これ、それ、あれ、どれ、ここ、そこ、あそこ etc. These are Japanese pronouns and called こそあど(kosoado)

 

これ それ あれ & どれ

これ, それ,あれ,どれ are Japanese pronouns and show the object.

 

[こ or そ or あ or ど] + れ

  • これ kore = this / an object close to speaker
  • それ sore = that / an object close to listener
  • あれ are = that / an object not close to them
  • どれ dore / =which

 

kosoado-02-02

 

Note:
The difference of kore, sore and are is not about the distance. It is about which side the object is. The object is close to speaker for kore, close to listener for sore, and not near from speaker and listener for are.

 

これはわたしのペンです。
kore wa watashi no pen desu.
This is my pen.

それはあなたのコーヒーですか?
sore wa anata no coffee desuka?
Is that your coffee?

 

これは ほん です。(This is a book.)

Kore wa hon desu

 

ここ そこ あそこ どこ

ここ,そこ,あそこ,どこ are kosoado words too. They show the location.

 

[こ or そ or あそ or ど] + こ

  • ここ koko = here / location close to speaker
  • そこ soko = there / location close to listener
  • あそこ asoko =there / location not close to them
  • どこ doko / =where

 

わたしはここにいます。
watashi wa koko ni imasu.
I am here.

あそこで打ち合わせしましょう。
asoko de uchiawase simashou.
Let’s have a meeting there.

打ち合わせ uchiawase = meeting

 

これは、この、これを、これに

This is one of the difference this and kore. Japanese pronouns including kore, sore and are change the form depends on the grammar (subject, possessive case, object etc).

 

  • これは korewa : Subject
  • この kono :  Possessive case
  • これを korewo : Object
  • これに koreni : Object

 

thisandthat

 

これは新しいペンです。
kore wa atarashii pen desu.
This is a new pen.

このペンは新しい。
kono pen wa atarashii.
This pen is new.

 


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