干支と星座 – 12 Japanese & European Zodiac Signs

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New Year’s Letter

Happy New Year! I wish you will have wonderful days in 2016!

In Japan we send letters called “年賀状 (nengajou)” as new year’s letter. We send it to friends and also to the business companies (partners and clients…etc). The greetings and phrases are different a little from those we use in life.

干支(eto) - Japanese zodiac sign
干支(eto) – Japanese zodiac sign

Greetings for cerebrating a new year.

あけましておめでとうございます。
akemashite omedetou gozaimasu
Happy New Year
謹賀新年
kinga shinen
Happy New Year
(formal / used only for letters)
去年はお世話になりました
kyonen wa osewa ni narimashita
Thank you for everything last year
ことしもよろしくおねがいします
kotoshi mo yoroshiku onegai shimasu
I look forward to seeing you again this year.
良いお年を。
you otoshi wo
 I wish you good luck for the next year!

 

 

干支(Eto) / Oriental Zodiac signs

2016 is the year of Monkey (申年 saru-doshi) and I drew the pictures in my Nengajou. Japanese zodiac animal changes every year following the oriental zodiac sign. Next year is the year of cook (酉年 tori-dosh).  I remembered them like a song, Ne~Ushi~Tora~Uhh~Tatsu~Mi~….brrr…

 

年賀状2016-09

干支 (eto) / Japanese zodiac signs
AnimalKanjiNihongoEnglish
🐭Mouse
🐮うしOx
🐯とらTiger
🐰Hare
🐲たつDragon
🐍Serpent
🐴うまHorse
🐏ひつじSheep
🐵さるMonkey
🐔とりCook
🐶いぬDog
🐗Pig

 

What is your Japanese zodiac sign?

A: あなたの 干支は なんですか?
anata no ETO wa nandesuka?
    What is your ETO(Japanese zodiac sign)?

B: ねずみ です。あなたは?
nezumi desu. anata wa?
My zodiac animal is mouse. How about you?

A: わたしは亥年うまれです。
watashi wa inoshishi-doshi umare desu.
I was born in the year of Pig.

 

Japanese Zodiac Chart
Zodiac
Animal
Kanji
Romaji
Year of Birth
🐭 Mouse子 (ne)1924, 1936, 1948, 1960, 1972, 1984, 1996, 2008
🐮 Ox丑 (ushi)1925, 1937, 1949, 1961, 1973, 1985, 1997, 2009
🐯 Tiger寅 (tora)1926, 1938, 1950, 1962, 1974, 1986, 1998, 2010
🐰 Hare卯 (u)1927, 1939, 1951, 1963, 1975, 1987, 1999, 2011
🐲 Dragon辰 (tatsu)1928, 1940, 1952, 1964, 1976, 1988, 2000, 2012
🐍 Snake巳 (mi)1929, 1941, 1953, 1965, 1977, 1989, 2001, 2013
🐴 Horse午 (uma)1930, 1942, 1954, 1966, 1978, 1990, 2002, 2014
🐏 Sheep未 (hitsuji)1931, 1943, 1955, 1967, 1979, 1991, 2003, 2015
🐵 Monkey申 (saru)1932, 1944, 1956, 1968, 1980, 1992, 2004, 2016
🐔 Rooster酉 (tori)1933, 1945, 1957, 1969, 1981, 1993, 2005, 2017
🐶 Dog戌 (inu)1934, 1946, 1958, 1970, 1982, 1994, 2006, 2018
🐗 Boar亥 (i)1935, 1947, 1959, 1971, 1983, 1995, 2007, 2019

 

2016 is the year of Monkey. We call it 申年(saru-doshi) which means the year of Monkey.

  • 子年 (nezumi-doshi)
  • 丑年 (ushi-doshi)
  • 寅年 (tora-doshi)
  • 卯年 (usagi-doshi)
  • 辰年 (tatsu-doshi)
  • 巳年 (hebi-doshi)
  • 午年 (uma-doshi)
  • 未年 (hitsuji-doshi)
  • 申年 (saru-doshi)
  • 酉年 (tori-doshi)
  • 戌年 (inu-doshi)
  • 亥年 (inoshishi-doshi)

 

星座 (seiza) / Zodiac signs
SignJapaneseEnglish
♈️おひつじ座
ohitsuji-za
Aries
アリエス
♉️おうし座
oushi-za
Taurus
タウラス
♊️ふたご座
futago-za
Gemini
ジェミニ
♋️かに座
kani-za
Cancer
キャンサー
♌️しし座
shishi-za
Leo
レオ
♍️おとめ座
otome-za
Virgo
バルゴ
♎️てんびん座
tenbin-za
Libra
リブラ
♏️さそり座
sasori-za
Scorpius
スコーピオン
♐️いて座
ite-za
Sagittarius
サジタリウス
♑️やぎ座
yagi-za
Capricorn
カプリコン
♒️みずがめ座
mizugame-za
Aquarius
アクエリアス
♓️うお座
uo-za
Pisces
ピスケス

 

What is “Ophiuchus” in Japanese?

The 13th zodiac sign “Ophiuchus” ⛎ is “へびつかい座 (hebitsukai-za)” in Japanese.

 

How to write New Year’s letter (Nengajou)

How to write the letter Nengajou looks difficult but it’s simple, we write TO and FROM (off course!). This is a sample format.

You need to remember that the name of address should be added 様(same) or 殿(done) to show the respect.

nengajou2-01

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