さん、さま、くん、ちゃん

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Family name -> Given name

In English the order of name is first name => family name, but it is family name => first name in Japan. For example for Japanese name “やまもといちろう Yamamoto Ichirou”, やまもと is family name and いちろう is first name.

Family name + First name
山本 一郎
やまもと いちろう
Yamamoto Ichirou

Example:
私の名前は山本一郎です。(わたしのなまえはやまもといちろうです。)
My name is Ichirou Yamamoto.

Mr/Ms in Japanese

Anyone who worked with Japanese people in business have read the email with the name like “Yamamoto san” or “Yamamoto sama”.  -san or -sama means “dear” in English in business. “-san” or “-sama” can be used for men and women since Japanese does not change it like Mr. , Mrs. , Ms. …etc. San, Sama, Dono can be used for all people but the level of respect is different.

san, sama or kun? (prefix)

 [name] + san/sama/kun...
Kanaromajirespectto –
さんsan★★all
さまsama★★★all
どのdono★★★all
くんkunmen
ちゃんchanwomen
たんtan??

やまもとくん、おはようございます。
Yamamoto kun, ohayougozaimasu.
Good morning, Mr. Yamamoto.

If I am 20 years old, I say “Good morning” to Yamamoto like this in Japanese.

He is…

agehe isConversation
18Friend
Male
山本君、おはよう。
Yamamoto kun, Ohayou.
33Colleague
Male
山本さん、おはようございます。
Yamamoto san, Ohayougozaimasu.
19Friend
Female
山本さん、おはよう。
Yamamoto san, Ohayou.
40Shogun山本殿、おはようございます。
Yamamoto dono, Ohayougozaimasu.

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